Category Archives: Campaigns

Join our big ride for Space for Cycling: Saturday April 22nd!

Join our big family-friendly bike ride to say roads in Sheffield need to be made people-friendly and include safe space for cycling.

Wear something red and make some noise – bring bells, whistles and horns.

Meet at Devonshire Green from 10.30am, ready to start at 11am. The ride will take around an hour.

There will be marshals within the riders and at key junctions. For your safety and so everyone has a good time, please follow their instructions.

See you on the day and have a great ride.

What are we calling for?

We want cycling to be possible as normal everyday transport for anyone in Sheffield. This will need Sheffield Council to:


Plan a full network of cycle-friendly routes that allow people of all ages and abilities to cycle anywhere for any purpose


Actively seek the funding to implement the network and invest a minimum of 5-10% of the local transport budget in cycling


Build the network using the most up-to-date high quality design standards

What’s Space for Cycling?

Find out more

Free parking in a busy cycle lane

Clarkehouse Road is a popular route for cycling into Sheffield and it has a painted cycle lane which should provide at least a small amount of clear space. Unfortunately the council allows this cycle lane to be used as free car parking except at peak times, and even then it is still abused making it largely useless.

There is no need to use this road space for parking. There is a multi-story car park with 702 spaces next to the Royal Hallamshire hospital approximately 100 metres from Clarkehouse Road and there is a Q-Park with 560 spaces next to the University of Sheffield approximately 300 metres from Clarkehouse Road.

The restricted parking times are routinely abused

People park up and sit in their vehicles from 8am onwards blocking the cycle lane. At 9.30am this parking becomes legitimate and most drivers will leave their vehicles parked there until 4.30pm.

This makes it even more difficult and potentially dangerous to cycle along a very busy road.

CycleSheffield and Sustrans have held events to monitor this situation. Whilst this deters the offenders on the day it only highlights the problem and doesn’t solve it.

What is the solution?

Due to the volume of motor traffic the long term solution is to provide a segregated cycleway along Clarkehouse Road.

In the short term the council could immediately remove the free parking along the road, meaning there was no benefit to parking on the road instead of using the multi storey car parks. Alternatively they could remove the on-road parking entirely. Or at least they could keep the parking restriction on the cycle lane in force until 10am. This would increase the time that people would need to remain in their vehicles and reduce the appeal of doing so.

Report the issue to the council

If you see this problem please report Sheffield Council parking services via email (attach a photo if possible, clearly showing the registration number of offending vehicles) or by phone 0114 2736255.  

It would be good to raise the problem with your councillors as well. is the easiest way of doing this.

The more often the issue is raised with council officers and councillors the more likely it that they will take action to resolve the issue.

We have contacted Councillor Mazher Iqbal, Councillor George George Lindars-Hammond and Tom Finnegan-Smith who are responsible for transport in Sheffield, as well as the three councillors whose ward Clarkehouse Road is in to raise this issue.

Update 08/04/17

We’ve set up a petition calling for the council to end the abuse of the cycle lane.  Please sign and share!

Sheffield Council approve Tram / Cycle Safety Action Plan

Sheffield Council have now approved a Tram Cycle Safety Action Plan which CycleSheffield agreed with them in July 2016.

What is the problem?

The tram tracks are the biggest cause of accidents and injuries to people on bikes in Sheffield and they also deter people from making journeys by bike

Over 380 crashes reported

CycleSheffield has received over 380 accident reports since January 2015 which we have mapped. Gathering this data was vital in demonstrating the scale of the problem and persuading the council that they needed to act.

We have shared the data with Sheffield City Council and identified the worst locations for accidents. The top 5 worst locations are:

  1. Langsett Road at Primrose Hill tram stop.
  2. Holme Lane / Loxley New Road / Ball Road junction.
  3. White Lane at White Lane tram stop.
  4. Glossop Road at junction with Upper Hanover St.
  5. Hillsborough Corner.

What is the council planning to do?

Firstly, to implement:

“a series of warning signs … in the current financial year and preferably before the onset of winter [2016], at the top 20 locations now identified.”

This is only the first step and as the report accepts “warning signs will not in themselves resolve the problems created by the infrastructure.”

The council has then committed to:

  • By March 2017: design solutions at the top five worst accident sites
  • By June 2017: design solutions for the remaining top 20 sites.
  • Agree a schedule of work for these solutions to be implemented in financial years 2017/18 and 2018/19
  • By September 2017: Complete implementation of the top 5 sites
  • Develop in 2016/17 and pilot 2017/18 a cyclist/ tram-track solution for each type of tram/ carriageway interface (e.g. tram stops, tram track leaving road to left, to right etc). Develop a plan for the deployment of these solutions and an ongoing programme of works and ensure that these solutions are incorporated in all future Supertram infrastructure schemes.
  • During financial years 2017/ 18 and 2018/ 19 implement solutions for the top 20 accident sites.

Will this solve the problem?

If these solutions are designed to best practice standards and delivered on time then they will make a big and very welcome improvement.  We will work as closely as possible to contribute to, and review, the solution designs.

We are concerned that the council will not get further than the signage, so CycleSheffield will:

  • request updates on their progress on the action points
  • encourage  them to prioritise the design of convenient alternative routes rather than piecemeal improvements along the roads with tracks
  • push them to make money available and bid for new funding to make larger infrastructure improvements

We are hopeful since this report and investment has the backing of cabinet member Cllr Iqbal:

Problems caused by barriers on cycle paths

Sheffield Council install access barriers on some cycle paths. The intention is usually to prevent motorised vehicles accessing the path.

Older barriers tend to be ‘chicane’ style or ‘A’ frames, while newer ones are ‘K’ frame style (below).

Showing how easy it is, from the website of manufacturers of K-barriers (Sheffield City Council’s preferred barrier supplier).

What’s the problem?

They’re inconvenient for everyone

Even if you are physically able to get through them, any kind of barrier is a cause of inconvenience, making a walking or cycling journey less convenient and appealing. They are especially awkward and can be frustrating for people with pushchairs, shopping trolleys, crutches, walking sticks/frames, or holding children’s hands. This discriminates against more vulnerable people and isn’t what Sheffield needs when we are aiming to increase the amount of physical activity people do daily.

They’re impassable for some people

Narrow barriers are obviously obstructive to people cycling who are less physically able to lift and squeeze their handlebars through the gap.

Both chicane-type and K-type barriers can prevent use of paths completely for users of larger and less nimble cycles like tandems, some recumbents, various trikes often used by disabled cyclists, and cargo bikes. They also create access issues for wheelchair users, mobility scooter users and people with prams and pushchairs.

They don’t work

The barriers are not effective at preventing motorbikes and mopeds from accessing cycle paths. The new barriers on the Thoresby Road path (fitted in 2016) can be easily bypassed (also see photo at the top, showing the only way to get a cargo bike, which was funded by SCC, past the barrier) and so appear to have been a token gesture rather than a serious attempt to prevent motor vehicles from accessing the path.

They’re a waste of money

New barriers cost around £5000. Given the council’s limited budget for cycling improvements we would much rather this money was spent on better provision to allow more people to cycle rather than making cycle paths less accessible.

They may be illegal

There hasn’t yet been a test case to set a clear legal precedent, but it is possible barriers like these could be breaking the Equality Act 2010.


A better design of barrier?

We know of no design in the world which could do the job. Since motorcycles and various types of pedal cycles have similar dimensions, motorcycles cannot be physically prevented without also preventing legitimate cycle users (and inconveniencing everyone).

The London Cycle Design Standards (see page 73), recognised as the highest quality standards in the UK, recommends against the use of all barriers, because of the accessibility issues they create.

The latest cycle design guidance for Highways England (who are responsible for trunk routes, and cycleways associated with them) goes further and requires that barriers, specifically K type barriers as favoured by Sheffield Council, shall not be used (paragraph 2.3.8):


Bollards with a 1.5m gap are the simplest way of preventing access by cars and other larger vehicles. They do not prevent motorbikes, mopeds etc from accessing the paths, however, it is clear that neither do barriers.


It is illegal to ride motorised bikes, scooters etc on cycle paths and if this is a regular problem then this should be addressed by South Yorkshire Police. There are powers available to seize vehicles, which are used in other areas.

You should report anti-social behaviour to the police on 101 or online.

Greater Manchester Police using Section 59 powers to enforce against illegal vehicle use

Campaigning for the removal of barriers

We have raised the issue with council officers, and Sheffield Council’s cycle champion Councillor Steve Wilson.

The only suggestion from the council has been that they could consider replacing chicanes with K barriers, despite the accessibility problems which these still cause.

They get knocked down…

The chicane barriers at both the underpass by Netherthorpe tram stop, and on a bridge over Mosborough, were removed this year by Sheffield council contractors. This was to improve pedestrian flow for the Tramlines festival for the former, and to allow resurfacing of the path for the latter. We asked the council not to replace them afterwards, but they did.

We have collected the locations of some known barriers on a map. Sustrans volunteers for the Trans Peninne Trail have also made a map showing the barriers along this route.

Please get in touch if you know of others we’ve missed, and share your experiences.


Sometimes they just don’t make sense.

It appears that Sheffield City Council are so keen on the K barrier brand that they are encouraging developers to fit them to paths by default. This saves the council from paying for them later, but means they’re placed without any existence of motorbike issues… or apparently much understanding of what the barrier is even meant to do!

South Yorkshire Police response to our request to adopt a ‘close pass’ initiative

Do South Yorkshire Police intend to run a ‘close pass’ initiative to improve the safety of cyclists, similar to the one that West Midlands Police and other forces are now doing?

We  submitted the question to the Police and Crime Panel via Councillor Joe Otten. We also met the assistant Police and Crime Commissioner and discussed whether South Yorkshire Police (SYP) could adopt a ‘close pass initiative’.

If you are not familiar with the the ‘close pass’ initiative  run by  West Midlands Police you can read about it here.

West Midlands Police road policing blog has more detailed information and explanation for the adoption of this initiative.

SYP written response:

I am aware of this scheme and only a couple of weeks ago, the Assistant PCC, Sioned-Mair Richards attended a meeting with representatives of Sheffield Cycle groups as well as the city council about this.

Key roads are targeted and police cyclists ride the road. If someone drives too close to them then colleagues, including someone from the local authority waiting ahead are notified and the offending vehicle is stopped and either prosecuted or given education input. A similar scheme is run in Humberside – Operation Achilles applies the same principles except for motorbikes. The educational input is delivered by a local authority representative using an educational mat. The cost of this mat is approximately £900.

Chief Inspector Glen Suttenwood has provided me with the statistics from the Safer Roads Partnership concerning collisions involving cyclists in South Yorkshire:-

PEDAL CYCLE 2016 2015 2014
FATAL 1 1 1
SERIOUS 52 45 56
SLIGHT 200 258 275

Clearly one death per year is one too many, however, deaths involving cyclists in South Yorkshire are no where near the levels that they are in the West Midlands or other parts of the country.  Whilst it is clear that the scheme has been well received in the West Midlands and is a good approach to tackling a key priority, this needs to be balanced against priorities that are force specific. The main cohorts in relation to road deaths or serious injuries in South Yorkshire are centred on pedestrians and car users – drivers or passengers – where SYP have seen a continual rise over the past 2 years. That said, West Midlands Police are hosting a workshop in Birmingham on 13 January and officers from SYP are looking to attend.

In addition to this, given the challenging demand that the police service is currently facing as a result of austerity, resources are carefully deployed to target specific activity. I understand South Yorkshire Police are not aware of any specific location (s) that is prominent for pedal cyclist Road Traffic Collisions. Neither, have any officers who are trained and equipped in the use of pedal cycles brought any concerns to the attention of Chief Inspector Suttenwood.

Enforcement should probably be used as a last resort to improve road safety, the most sensible solution would be to look at addressing the root causes of the problem – one of which is the layout of the roads. By creating segregated or shared cycle/pedestrian routes, improving lighting, awareness and signage, cyclists can use the roads with the confidence that they are safe to do. Some of this is being progressed in the county already:-


  • Next development at Meadowhall, segregated cycle route.
  • The new Ikea is to have cycle routes and crossings to it, as is the upcoming Charter Square improvements.
  • The Connect 2 route is a fairly recent cycle route between Halfway and Killamarsh mainly segregated from traffic.


  • Centenary Way and Canklow roundabout have all recently been upgraded to cater for cyclists. A cycle route has been created on the Waverley development to a Highfield Springs.


  • A number of crossings have been converted to Toucan crossings along with a new one on Leger Way to link the Bawtry Rd commuter route to town. Also a new cycle lane on Bennethorpe.


  • A cycle to work route has been built to service the large Asos factory at Grimethorpe.
  • Also a new route is being built currently from the Trans Pennine Trail at Pontefract Rd into the town centre.

Whilst naturally, all force areas will see a decline in cyclists on the roads during the winter, I understand Chief Inspector Suttenwood is discussing the prospect of delivering some educational workshops in schools for future drivers and cyclists with local LPTS during Spring 2017 following attendance at West Midland Police’s workshop.

Supertram Consultation

South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive are running a consultation on the future of the Supertram  which finishes on the 30th of October.

Whilst a good mass transit system is essential for Sheffield the on-road tracks of the current system cause large numbers of accidents and injuries to people on bikes. They also act as a barrier to more people cycling.  The lack of integration with cycling is also a problem.

CycleSheffield have responded to the consultation. Our answers are below. We urge you to respond to the consultation as well.

Section 1: The Future of Supertram

1.1 Do you think the tram is an important mode of transport for the region in the future?      


1.2 Please tell us why you think this

The tram system reduces congestion on the roads by providing an alternative to car use, it does not contribute to Sheffield’s air pollution problem and is an efficient way of moving large numbers of people around the city.

The tram tracks, however, are the biggest hazard and cause of accidents and injuries to cyclists in Sheffield and act as a barrier to more people cycling. Any renewal or expansion of the system needs to take this into account and provide safe cycling routes and crossings designed in from the start.

1.3 Do you think the tram will bring future benefits to the region?


1.4 Please tell us why you think this

A fast, efficient and pleasant way of getting employees and consumers into the city centre from throughout Sheffield will attract inward investment from employers and retailers.

The tram tracks, however, are the main cause of accidents and injuries to cyclists in Sheffield and stop people cycling. Renewal or expansion of the system needs to  provide safe cycling routes and crossings.

1.5 What would you like the future for the existing tram system to look like, thinking ahead to the next 30 years? 

The tram network should be expanded to cover all areas of the city. There should be a single integrated Tram/Rail interchange in the City Centre. Trams should run right to the doorsteps of major hospitals and into major employment areas.   

The delivery of the Tram Network should be accompanied by parallel, separate cycle routes. There should be park and ride facilities along the tram route for cyclists and drivers. For example at Dore village, Hunters Bar, Hillsborough, Heeley. Shared Tram routes with cars, buses should be minimised.    

Tram tracks are the main cause of accidents and injuries to cyclists in Sheffield and act as a barrier to more people cycling. Renewal or expansion of the tram system needs to  provide safe cycling routes and crossings.

Trams should carry bikes to allow better integration between cycling and public transport, as they do in Edinburgh, on the Newcastle Metro and London Underground.

Better integration between tram and cycling infrastructure has the potential to greatly increase patronage by extending the reach of the tram network. For example, by providing bike stands and secure bike storage at tram stops together with cycle routes to the tram stops.

Section 2: Your Experience of Supertram

2.1 How would you rate the tram overall?


2.2 Please tell us why you think this 

The tram provides a quick, reasonably priced, non polluting public transport link for parts of the city. The network is quite limited in coverage.

The tram tracks, however, are the biggest hazard and cause of accidents and injuries to cyclists in Sheffield and act as a barrier to more people cycling. Any renewal or expansion of the system needs to take this into account and provide safe cycling routes and crossings designed in from the start.

CycleSheffield response to planning development at Winter Street / Weston Street junction

CycleSheffield response to planning development 16/03264/FUL 82 – 84 Winter Street Sheffield S3 7ND submitted to Sheffield Council on 13/09/16.

Highway improvements are required at the junction of Weston Street and Winter Street/Bolsover Street either as part of this development or afterwards using Community Infrastructure Levy / Section 106 funding from the developer in order to make the area safer for people cycling and walking.

The junction between Winter Street and Weston Street is already busy during rush hour times and it is difficult to navigate safely by bike. It is particularly hazardous for cyclists heading down Winter Street who need to turn right into the University of Sheffield campus and for cyclists heading to/from the campus along Weston Street, which is a ‘suggested’ cycle route. There is currently no cycle link between Weston Street and the campus.

The recent change to the University of Sheffield campus layout means that the vehicles can enter as well as exit the campus on Bolsover Street, and turn right from the exit which was previously left turn only. This entrance is opposite Weston Street and these changes will make the junction more difficult and dangerous for people on bikes. According to South Yorkshire Police statistics there has been 1 severe incident and four ‘slight’ incidents involving people cycling here in the last 5 years. There has also been 1 serious incident and two ‘slight’ incidents involving pedestrians.

The students who will live at the new development will want to be able to access the University of Sheffield campus by bike, and through there the city centre. In order to do this on the current layout they will have to join Winter Street from Dart Square just at the point where Winter Street becomes two lanes wide southbound. To turn into the campus they will have to get into the right hand lane immediately. This is a difficult manoeuvre, there is no protected space to wait to make this turn and the road is busy with traffic in both directions. Access to the development from the campus will also be difficult by bike, the cyclist will need to join Winter Street and immediately ‘take the lane’ in order to make a right turn onto Dart Square.

This new development needs a much better, safer and more appealing cycle link to the campus. This issue should be addressed by the council’s cycle audit.

Sheffield Council plan for safety scheme on Langsett Road but no mention of tram track accidents!

Sheffield Council have drawn up plans for a road safety scheme at Hillsborough tram stop on Langsett Road.

This is a potentially large scale work which will involve changing the road alignment, moving a tram platform and creating a two stage pedestrian crossing with an island in the middle.

We have seen the brief and there is no mention of cyclist tram track accidents at this location or how this stretch of road could be improved for cyclists.

Based on the tram track accident reports we have received this is the 6th worst accident hot spot in Sheffield. We have received reports of 15 cycle accidents along a 150 metre stretch of road by the Hillsborough tram stop within the last 2 years. 13 of these accidents resulted in injury and 4 of these resulted in broken bones. The transport planners at Sheffield Council are aware of this because this data is shared with them.

We have written to Councillor Iqbal (cabinet member for transport), Tom Finnegan-Smith (head of transport and strategic infrastructure) and Councillor Steve Wilson (councillor cycle champion) to request that the scheme is reviewed with a view to improving cyclist safety in this area.  We have also requested that in future any accident safety schemes on roads with tram tracks take into account the accident data that CycleSheffield shares with Sheffield City Council.

More information on the proposed road safety scheme can be seen here.

Sheffield needs more bike parking!

One of the good things about cycling is being able to cycle right up to your destination. Unfortunately in a lot of places in Sheffield there isn’t enough (or any!) cycle parking or stands to lock your bike to when you get there.

What do we want?

We want the council, businesses, shops etc to provide more cycle parking in Sheffield.

How could it be paid for?

Councillors in Sheffield have access to small pots of money which can be used to fund improvements such as cycle stands in their wards.  Section 106 “community money” from developers can also be used by the council to fund improvements.

What should you do?

  • Tell us where you’d like to see cycle parking. We’ll ask the council
  • Ask your councillors directly via

What have we asked the council for so far?

  • Secure bike storage in Sheffield city centre S1
  • Secure bike storage at Park Hill flats S2 5PN
  • More stands in Walkley along South Road S6
  • Stands in Crookesmoor along Barber Road, Commonside and Howard Road S6/S10
  • Stands in Kelham Island S3
  • Stands at Asda Chapeltown Superstore S35 2UW * we have also contacted Asda directly to request stands
  • Stands at Dore Village Co-Op  S17 3EF * we have also contacted the Co-Op directly to request stands
  • Stands outside shops on the High Street at Dore village S17
  • Stands on High Street in Ecclesfield S35
  • Stands outside Ecclesfield Co-Op S35 9UA * we have also contacted the Co-Op directly to request stands
  • Stands at Rails Road car park in Rivelin Valley S6 6GF
  • Stands outside Ecclesall Road Co-Op S11 8SD* we have also contacted the Co-Op directly to request stands
  • Stands on School Road next to Crookes Practise Health Centre S10
  • Stands on Glossop Road outside Roco S10 2HW
  • Stands on Jaunty Way at Gleadless Town End S12
  • Stands outside Gleadless Town End Co-Op S12 3DZ * we have also contacted the Co-Op directly to request stands
  • Stands on Greystones Road outside the shops S11
  • Stands on West Street S1
  • Stands outside Sainsbury’s on Weston Street S3 7NQ *we have also contacted Sainsbury’s directly to request stands
  • Stands outside Go Outdoors Sheffield S2 4SZ *we have also contacted Go Outdoors directly to request stands
  • Stands outside Sainsbury’s Upper Hanover Street  S3 7LR *we have also contacted Sainsbury’s directly to request stands
  • Stands outside Bath Hotel, Victoria Street  S3 7LR
  • Stands on Crookes high street S10
  • Stands on Fulwood Road in Broomhill S10
  • Stands outside Asda Queens Road S2 4DR  * we have also contacted Asda directly to request stands
  • Stands in the city centre on Fargate, Pinstone Street, the Moor S1
  • Stands outside Sainsbury’s Barber Road S10 1ED *we have also contacted Sainsbury’s directly to request stands
  • Stands outside Sainsbury’s Local Nether Edge S7 1PE *we have also contacted Sainsbury’s directly to request stands
  • Stands outside Morrisons , Hillsborough S6 2GY *we have also contacted Sainsbury’s directly to request stands
  • Stands outside Roco, Glossop Road S10 2HW *we have also contacted Roco directly to request stands
How much would it cost?
The total cost of buying and fitting 1 Sheffield stand at all 30 locations listed above would be around £7,500 (almost double what Sheffield Council would have paid prior to the Amey deal).
What have we done?
We have emailed the council with a list of the location requesting that stands be fitted, logged the requests on and contacted the various stores (Asda, Co-Op, Go Outdoors,  Morrisons and Sainsbury’s) to request that they fit the stands themselves.
What response have we got?
The council responded to say there is no money to fit any stands but that they would add them to list of locations where stands where required. I think this raises wider questions about what exactly they are spending their cycle budget on.
Parkthatbike responded to say that the scheme was not running in Sheffield at the moment but would hopefully start again later this year.
Asda, the Co-Op and Sainbury’s responded to say that they would log the issue (or similar) but didn’t say they would do anything about it. Morrisons and Go Outdoors have not responded yet.
What next?
The  stands could be funded through Local Area Panel funding for small scale council ward improvements. People should contact their councillors directly about this which is easy to do via


Why isn’t there secure cycle parking at Park Hill flats?

A CycleSheffield member has contacted us because their bike was vandalised. They live at Park Hill flats and no secure bike storage has been provided by Urban Splash.

They said that a secure bike shed was planned and promised by Urban Splash but has not been not built.

This happened in March 2016 – I emailed Urban Splash on behalf of CycleSheffield and was told:

We have identified a couple of potential locations and are finalising design, costs and management implications of the options, but are committed to providing good facilities in a short time-frame.  Which option we go for will determine exactly how quickly we can get something in place (for example, since Park Hill is a listed building, anything external needs to be dealt with carefully), however it is something we are actively working on it as I say.”

No progress has been made by Urban Splash after this.

I’ve looked at some of the original planning information for the Park Hill redevelopment Phase 1 and it seems like secure bike parking was part of the application.

For example on the planning document for the car park there is clearly  secure bike storage.

bike store

Secure cycle parking was one of the conditions required by the
council for the phase 1 development:
‘Condition 15. Before the development is commenced full details of suitable and sufficient cycle parking accommodation within the site shall have been submitted and approved by the LPA and the development shall not be used unless cycle parking has been provided.’ 

As there is no secure cycle parking at Park Hill either Sheffield Council must have decided that it was ultimately not important or Urban Splash decided not build it despite the council requirements and Sheffield Council failed to enforce its  own planning regulations.

I have emailed Sheffield Council’s planning department and received this reply:

Thank you for your e-mail.

This is a very complex scheme, of which only Phase 1 has been completed. The original case officer no longer works for the Council so it will take some time to go through the files to establish exactly what cycle parking provision was agreed as part of this first phase.

We will endeavour to come back to you in the next couple of weeks.”

I have also done a Freedom of Information request (due to the length of time this has dragged on for):

Hopefully this will result in the provision of secure cycle parking at Park Hill flats.

** Update 20/08/16 **

I finally got a response to my FOI. It seems that Urban Splash submitted an amended planning application for Park Hill with no secure cycle storage and instead proposed that people keep their bike (singular) in their flat. This  diagram shows the ‘flexible storage’ in the flat which could be used to keep a bike or pushchair.  This was deemed acceptable by Sheffield City Council and this is why there is no secure cycle parking at Park Hill flats.